LIHI Certificate #107 - Carver Falls Hydroelectric Project, Vermont
Carver Falls is the highest major falls in Vermont, and contains two falls at the head of a limestone gorge. The falls have been altered by hydropower development since 1894. For 100 years before that date, they were harnessed to drive mill operations. The river above the falls lies in a ravine 100 feet deep. Below the falls, the ravine is 200 feet deep. A cave in a limestone cliff above the ravine is located about one mile below the falls.
The Lower Poultney River is one of four Outstanding Resource Waters (ORW) in Vermont. Based on this designation, the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources (VANR) developed a management plan for the Lower Poultney River that established the following goal: “For that portion of the Lower Poultney River within Vermont borders, the State will seek to manage certain activities affecting the water quality, flows, course, current, and cross-section of the Lower Poultney River to preserve and enhance the exceptional natural, cultural, scenic, and recreational values of the river and river corridor.
The Project was first developed in 1894, and has changed considerably over the years. A new dam section was added following the 1927 flood, and additional repairs and expansion followed a subsequent flood in 1940. The project was acquired by the Central Vermont Public Service Corporation in 1929. It received an original FERC license in 2009, and an amended license in 2011.
The Project dam is located at the top of the 80- foot drop of Carver Falls, with one abutment on the Vermont shore of the river and the other abutment on the New York side of the river. The powerhouse, several hundred feet downstream of the falls, is on the New York side of the river. The concrete and stone masonry dam impounds a 10-acre reservoir that extends 1,770 feet upstream with an elevation of 233.3 feet above mean sea level (msl), and a useable storage capacity of 800,000 cubic feet. The dam is 514 feet long, with two spillway sections. The northern spillway is 110 feet long and topped with 6-foot flashboards. The southern spillway is 150 feet long and topped with 1.5-foot flashboards. The steel penstock is 220 feet long and 7 feet in diameter. It bifurcates into two 132-foot long 3 to 4-foot diameter penstocks. Two steel surge tanks are located approximately 20 feet below the point of bifurcation, one for each penstock. A butterfly valve is located in the 4-foot penstock below the surge tank. Both surge tanks are 44 feet high and have respective diameters of 72 inches and 48 inches.
The powerhouse contains two turbine generating units, one with a capacity of 1,451 kW and the other with a capacity of 808 kW, as well as appurtenant facilities. Both state water quality certifications were amended in 2010 and the License was amended in 2011 for replacement of the former Unit No. 1 (1,100 kW) with the new 1,451 kW unit. Unit replacement was completed in 2011. Project power is transmitted through a 275-foot-long, 2.4-kilovolt transmission line connected to the regional grid.
The bypass reach is 700 feet long, and includes the bedrock gorge occupied by the falls and the plunge pool at its base. It also includes immediately adjoining areas on the left bank of the river that are presently occupied by the electrical substation and other Project facilities. The Project operates in a run-of-river mode.
The Project License was based on a Settlement Agreement (SA) with the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) and New York Rivers. Other participants in the negotiations, but not signatories to the SA included Vermont Natural Resources Council (NRC) , the Poultney River Committee, the National Wildlife Federation- Vermont Chapter, and Vermont Agency of Natural Resources (VANR). The Settlement was the product of negotiations begun after appeals were filed by the VANR and the NRC on the water quality certification issued by the New York DEC under the Clean Water Act in April 1995.
The Settlement Agreement included five key components:
- Walleye Spawning: Central Vermont would provide a continuous flow to the bypassed reach of 50 cfs, or inflow if less, from April 1 through May 15 of each year to protect walleye spawning in the bypassed reach.
- Penstock Removal: To improve site aesthetics, Central Vermont would remove the site's two abandoned, above-ground penstocks and concrete cradles. The stone cradles would remain.
- Public Access: Central Vermont would provide improved parking and viewing access opportunities for the general public at the falls.
- Aesthetic Releases: Central Vermont would release a flow over the southern spillway of 2.5 inches, or inflow if less, for aesthetic purposes on Memorial Day, July Fourth, Labor Day, Columbus Day, and every Sunday during the months of July and August. These flows would be released during daylight hours commencing at 9:00 a.m.
- Carver Falls Advisory Council: The Settlement would establish a Carver Falls Advisory Council, chaired by the New York DEC, to represent various interests in the project.
|Project Name||Carver Falls|
|LIHI Certificate No.||107|
|LIHI Certificate Term||December 4, 2017 - December 3, 2022|
|Owner||Green Mountain Power Corporation|
|Location||Located in the Towns of Fair Haven and West Haven, Rutland County, Vermont, and in the Town of Hampton, Washington County, New York, at river mile 3.8 on the Poultney River.|
|Installed Capacity||2.251 MW|
|Average Annual Generation||6,578 MWH (5 year average)|
|FERC No.||P-11475 issued 2009, expires 2039|
January 18, 2019: The decision to recertify the Carver Falls Hydroelectric Project is final. No appeals were received during the appeal period which closed on January 17, 2019. The new certification term for the Project is from December 4, 2017 through December 3, 2022.
December 18, 2018: On December 14, 2018, the Low Impact Hydropower Institute (LIHI) preliminarily approved the Carver Falls Hydroelectric Project for a new 5-year term of Low Impact Certification with the following conditions:
Condition 1: The facility Owner shall consult with Vermont DEC regarding run-of-river operations, identify any refinements needed to assure run-of-river operations are consistently maintained, and submit the results including agency comments and any operational refinements made in the first annual compliance submittal after Certification. Thereafter, the facility owner shall include a summary of any refinements made in annual compliance submittals to LIHI.
Condition 2: During the term of this certification, should a resource agency initiate consultation regarding passage or protection measures for migratory fish species, the facility Owner shall notify LIHI within 60 days, provide LIHI with a copy of the request, and the applicant’s response. The facility Owner shall summarize the status of any fish passage measures planned or being implemented in annual compliance submittals to LIHI.
This decision is preliminary pending the 30-day appeal window. Only those who commented on the initial application during the 60-day comment period are eligible to file an appeal. Such appeal needs to include an explanation as to how the Project does not meet the LIHI criteria. Appeal requests can be submitted by email to email@example.com with “Carver Falls Hydroelectric Project” in the subject line, or by mail addressed to the Low Impact Hydropower Institute, 329 Massachusetts Ave, Suite 2, Lexington, MA 02420. All requests will be posted to the website. The applicant will have an opportunity to respond and any response will also be posted. Requests must be received by 5 pm Eastern time on January 17, 2019. The full application and reviewers report are available below.
If no appeal requests are received and the decision becomes final, the Certification term for the Project will be December 4, 2017 through December 3, 2022.
November 12, 2018: The Carver Falls Hydroelectric project has been granted another extension of the current certificate term. The new expiration date is March 31, 2019.
October 9, 2018: The Low Impact Hydropower Institute has received a complete application for a new term of Low Impact Certification for the Carver Falls Hydroelectric Project (LIHI # 107). The Project is located in the towns of Fair Haven and West Haven, Rutland County, Vermont, and in the town of Hampton, Washington County, New York, at river mile 3.8 on the Poultney River.
LIHI is seeking public comment on this application. Specifically, we are interested in knowing whether you think the Project meets the LIHI Low Impact Certification Criteria, as revised in the 2nd Edition Handbook. Please review the program and criteria in LIHI’s revised Handbook and then review the Project’s 2018 application materials HERE.
Comments that are directly tied to specific LIHI criteria (flows, water quality, fish passage, etc.) will be most helpful, but all comments will be considered. Comments may be submitted by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org with “Carver Falls Project Comments” in the subject line, or by mail addressed to the Low Impact Hydropower Institute, 329 Massachusetts Avenue, Suite 2, Lexington, MA 02420. Comments must be received at the Institute on or before 5 pm Eastern time on December 8, 2018 to be considered. All comments will be posted to the web site. The applicant will have an opportunity to respond and any response will also be posted.
June 11, 2018: The Carver Falls Hydroelectric project has been granted an extension of the current certificate term. The new expiration date is December 31, 2018.
November 3, 2017: The Carver Falls Hydroelectric project has been granted an extension of the current certificate term. The new expiration date is March 31, 2018.
May 28, 2013: The Carver Falls Hydroelectric Project has been certified as low impact for a five year term, effective December 4, 2012 and expiring December 4, 2017.
February 4, 2013: Public comment period on application has closed.
December 4, 2012: Green Mountain Power has submitted an application for the certification of the Carver Falls project. The application was posted and public comment period was opened.
- Carver Falls 2018 Stage II Recertification Report_2018_12_11
- Carver Falls LIHI RE-Certification Application_10-3-2018
- Carver Falls_LIHI Questionnaire
- Carver Falls Final Report
- Carver Falls Historic Documents
- Carver Falls Operations Plan and Min Flow Documents
- Carver Falls Poultney_River_Reserve_Area_Map
- Carver Falls Recreation Documents