LIHI Certificate #117 – Clement Dam Project, New Hampshire
The Clement Dam Project is located on the Winnipesaukee River in the town of Tilton, Belknap County, in central New Hampshire. Owned by Clement Dam Hydroelectric, LLC, (a subsidiary of Eagle Creek Renewable Energy) the project is located roughly four miles downstream of the Lochmere Hydroelectric Project and roughly two miles upstream of the Stevens Mill Hydroelectric Project (LIHI #123). The project dam was originally constructed in the early 1900s as a hydroelectric site. The original structure was breached in 1943 and replaced by a concrete dam in 1982. The project resumed commercial operation in 1984. The Winnipesaukee River traditionally supported industrial activity in the towns that line its banks from Lake Winnipesaukee to its confluence with the Merrimack River.
Flows on the Winnipesaukee River are highly regulated by releases from the Lakeport Dam located on the outlet of Lake Winnipesaukee, which controls 45% of the watershed. Flows from the Lakeport Dam are directed by the State of New Hampshire to control water levels on the lake and balance recreational, environmental and commercial uses. After exiting the Lakeport Dam, the river enters Opechee Bay and travels through an industrial area in Laconia and ends at Winnisquam Lake, entering the Lochmere Dam at the outlet. The river then passes through Silver Lake before entering through the center of the towns of Tilton and Northfield, where the Clement project is located.
The project includes: The dam, approximately 120 feet long with a 16.5-foot-high concrete spillway section topped with 3-foot-high wooden flashboards and a gated sluiceway section that includes 5 gates (one waste gate, downward opening and 4 spillway gates, upward opening). The intake, located on river right (looking downstream), leads to a 12-foot-diameter steel penstock which extends approximately 325 feet from the intake to the powerhouse. The powerhouse, which is located on the right side of the bypass channel contains one horizontal Kaplan turbine-generator with an installed capacity of 2.4 MW and appurtenant facilities. The tailrace returns flow to the Winnipesaukee River approximately 600 feet downstream of the dam.
|Project Name||Clement Dam|
|LIHI Certificate No.||117|
|LIHI Certificate Term||December 31, 2019 December 30, 2024|
|Owner||Clement Dam Hydroelectric, LLC, a subsidiary of Eagle Creek Renewable Energy, LLC|
|Location||Located at river mile 9.5 on the Winnipesaukee River in New Hampshire.|
|Installed Capacity||2.4 MW|
|Average Annual Generation||9,856 MWh|
|FERC No.||P-2966 issued 1982, expires 2032|
The project operates in run-of-river mode and impounds a 27,200-acre reservoir. The project provides a minimum flow of 235 cfs below the tailrace with 30 cfs of that flow into the bypass to protect aquatic resources in the reach. This regime was developed via recommendation from the USFWS and US Environmental Protection Agency. During downstream fish passage season (mid-August through mid-December), the bypass flow is increased to 50 cfs. The project coordinates reservoir drawdowns with the New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services (NHDES). Drawdowns are limited to 1 foot/hr and the typical refilling rate is passage of 70% inflow and retention of 30% inflow.
Waters within the project reach are designated Class B and 2017 water quality monitoring confirmed no impaired waters in the project reach. NHDES also confirmed that the project meets standards for dissolved oxygen and chlorophyll-a.
Downstream dams create a barrier for upstream passage. Historically, migratory fish including Atlantic salmon, American eel, alewife, sea lamprey, and blueback herring were abundant in the watershed. In 1847, the Essex dam was constructed on the Merrimack River in Massachusetts, blocking anadromous fish from accessing the upstream reaches of the river and its tributaries. Agencies reserve the right to prescribe upstream passage in the future at the Clement project. Adequate downstream fish passage for American eel and river herring populations is provided by passage flows released via the concrete sluiceway and waste gate that flow to a plunge pool. USFWS and New Hampshire Fish and Game, both of whom routinely visit the site during passage season, have confirmed adequate passage is allowed through these measures.
The project property occupied by non-reservoir facilities consists of roughly 5 acres. There are no critical habitats or lands of significant ecological value in the project area as most of the project vicinity is developed.
Threatened and endangered species potentially within the project property include Northern long-eared bat. While the northern long-eared bat has the potential to occur in the project vicinity, there is no critical habitat designated for the species. It is unlikely that the species is present in the limited project boundary due to the developed nature of the surrounding lands.
The project owner consulted with the State Historic Preservation Office which determined that the project has no potential to cause effects and consultation is required with the Office prior to any construction activities. Additionally, the project consulted with the US Army Corps of Engineers which also determined no impact on cultural or historic resources.
Recreational resources at the project include three fishing piers and a boat launch. The riverbanks immediately upstream of the project in Tilton are industrialized, while the area downstream is more scenic as the river courses from Clement to the Steven Mills (LIHI #123) and Franklin projects. The project owner granted the town permission to construct portions of the Riverfront Park located on project lands. The park offers fishing piers, a boat launch and bathrooms for recreational users.
March 16, 2020: The decision to recertify the Clement Dam Project became final after the close of the appeals period on March 7, 2020 with no appeals filed. The Certification term is from December 31, 2019 – December 30, 2024. There is one condition on the Certificate
Condition 1: In order to maintain compliance with the Upstream Fish Passage Criterion, the facility Owner shall report in its annual compliance statement to LIHI:
- The results of the MOA 2020 evaluation of the need for upstream fish passage at the Project. This reporting shall include the anticipated schedule for implementation of any facilities deemed required. Status of this work shall be reported annually; and
- A copy of the signed, updated MOA. Under the unlikely scenario that the USFWS and Eagle Creek do not reach agreement on extension of the MOA, the facility Owner shall continue to operate the Clement Project in accordance with the most recent version of the plans required by the MOA to maintain LIHI certification.
February 6, 2020: The Low Impact Hydropower Institute has preliminarily approved Low Impact Recertification for the Clement Dam Hydroelectric Project, LIHI #117.
This decision is preliminary pending the 30-day appeal window. Only those who commented on the initial application during the 60-day comment period are eligible to file an appeal. Such appeal needs to include an explanation as to how the Project does not meet the LIHI criteria. Appeal requests can be submitted by email to firstname.lastname@example.org with “Clement Dam Hydroelectric Project” in the subject line, or by mail addressed to the Low Impact Hydropower Institute, 329 Massachusetts Ave, Suite 6, Lexington, MA 02420. All requests will be posted to the website. The applicant will have an opportunity to respond and any response will also be posted. Requests must be received by 5 pm Eastern time on March 7, 2020. The full application and reviewers report are available below.
If no appeal requests are received and the decision becomes final, the Certification term for the Project will be from December 31, 2019 to December 30, 2024.
November 27, 2019: The Low Impact Hydropower Institute has received a complete application for Low Impact Recertification of the Clement Dam Hydroelectric Project. LIHI is seeking public comment on this application. Specifically, we are interested in knowing whether you think the Project meets the LIHI Low Impact Certification Criteria, as revised in the 2nd Edition Handbook. Please review the program and criteria in LIHI’s revised Handbook and then review the Project’s application materials below.
Comments that are directly tied to specific LIHI criteria (flows, water quality, fish passage, etc.) will be most helpful, but all comments will be considered. Comments may be submitted to the Institute by e-mail at email@example.com with “Clement Dam Project Comments” in the subject line, or by mail addressed to the Low Impact Hydropower Institute, 329 Massachusetts Avenue, Suite 6, Lexington, MA 02420. Comments must be received on or before 5 pm Eastern time on January 26, 2020 to be considered. All comments will be posted to the web site and the applicant will have an opportunity to respond. Any response will also be posted.
May 11, 2015 – Executive Director Michael J. Sale, using authority delegated from the LIHI Governing Board and a full review of the Application Reviewer’s report and all public comments and additional materials provided by the Applicant, has determined that the Clement Dam Hydroelectric Project meets the LIHI Certification Criteria. The effective certification date for the Clement Dam Project is December 31, 2014 for a five (5) year term, which will expire on December 31, 2019, with the following conditions:
- Condition satisfied 2018. Condition 1: Facility owner shall complete the agreed upon water quality sampling in 2015, receive satisfactory determination from New Hampshire Department of Environmental Service that facility does not impact water quality, and provide the results to LIHI by December 31, 2015.
- Condition satisfied 2017. Condition 2: Facility owner will comply with updated fish passage installation plans in 2015 as specified in the MOA with USFWS, obtain written approval of design by USFWS, and report results to LIHI by December 31, 2015.
- Condition satisfied 2017. Condition 3: Facility owner will complete minimum flow review in 2015 as prescribed in the MOA with USFWS, obtain written approval by USFWS, and provide results to LIHI by December 31, 2015.
- Condition satisfied 2017. Condition 4: Facility owner will complete the Operations and Flow Monitoring Plan as required by the MOA, obtain written approval of plan by USFWS, and provide results to LIHI by December 31, 2015.
February 17, 2015 – The Low Impact Hydropower Institute (LIHI) received a timely and complete application on February 6, 2015 from Eagle Creek Renewable Energy LLC, for the Low Impact Certification of the Clement Dam Project, FERC P-2966, located on the Winnipesaukee River in the state of New Hampshire.
- Clement Certification Review Report 2014
- Clement Certification Application
- Application Appendix – FERC License 1982
- Application Appendix – Project Layout
- Application Appendix – Project Photographs
- Application Appendix – Map of Project Location
- Application Appendix – Water Quality Monitoring Recommendations
- Application Appendix – Water Quality Status
- Application Appendix – Fish Passage and Project Operations
- Application Appendix – National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association Comments
- Application Appendix – US Fish and Wildlife Service Comment Letter
- Application Appendix – New Hampshire Natural Heritage Bureau Comment Letter
- Application Appendix – New Hampshire Division of Historical Resources Request for Review
- Application Appendix – New Hampshire Division of Parks and Recreation Comment Request